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Gingivitis : Mild inflammation of the gums is called gingivitis

Mild inflammation of the gums is called gingivitis, and it affects as many as one in seven adults, even those who routinely visit their dentist.1 Almost all senior citizens with natural teeth have mild, moderate, or severe gingivitis that becomes worse as they age. Sometimes the only sign is gum recession or exposure of the roots of teeth, which many people accept as natural or unavoidable with age. Why do so many people have gum diseases? Most dentists would answer that people do not floss enough, although perhaps it is because most people have the conditions that promote unhealthy plaque as they age. Aging adults generally have moderate to severe mouth acidity and frequently a dry mouth to complicate the condition.
Each tooth stands inside a hole in the jaw known as the tooth socket. Between the surface of the tooth and this tooth socket there is a small gap. A healthy tooth is attached to the jawbone by little fibers that look like small hairs running from the tooth surface across a space and into the jawbone. You can see that the surface of the tooth below the gum line is different from the part of the tooth visible in the mouth. The root surface is covered with softer cement that transforms to hard enamel as the tooth becomes visible in the mouth. The place where cement and enamel meet is called the cementoenamel junction.
In a healthy mouth, the gums hug the tooth tightly at this junction, like an elastic collar gripping the neck of the tooth. This tight gum collar keeps bacteria and food particles from entering the gap under its surface. The gum collar also protects the soft cement–coated root of the tooth from contact with liquids and temperature changes that occur during eating and drinking. If this gum collar becomes infected, it can swell, bleed, and possibly loosen its grip on the teeth. Liquids and air can then seep down the space to irritate the soft, unprotected root surface beneath the gum line. Acidic liquids easily damage vulnerable root cement, and if cold air touches this surface, the person feels excruciating pain. Although the real problem is the health of your gums, the symptoms show up as sensitivity of the teeth to hot and cold.
Few people realize how easy it is to treat gingivitis with the home remedies of good tooth cleaning and the correct use of mouth rinses as prescribed in my regimen. Harmful germs in plaque cause gum infections, and harmful bacteria flourish in acidic and dry mouths. Removing bacteria by good brushing, cleaning your toothbrush every time you brush, using my suggested rinse system, and consuming adequate amounts of xylitol can completely cure gingivitis in a matter of days.
Mild gum disease is usually not painful, and if you successfully clean the infected area, the bleeding stops quickly. When the gum area is clean, the swelling will go down without causing any permanent damage to your gums or your teeth. It is important to brush bleeding gums as soon as you notice any problem. If cold water makes your teeth hurt, use warm water on your toothbrush. If using a brush is too painful at first, wipe some gauze or a clean piece of cloth over your gums. Use the mouth rinses in the special sequence I recommend, and remember to clean your toothbrush, since bacteria can grow and flourish on it.
Unfortunately, most people are worried about making their gums bleed, so they avoid a bleeding area, allowing the gingivitis to progress and become worse, slowly developing into the next and more advanced stage. At this more advanced stage the bleeding may stop, but this is not a good sign, because it may indicate that the first stage of gingivitis is now progressing deeper down the sides of the tooth beneath the gums.
Some people suggest remedies for gingivitis that involve brushing with baking soda or rinsing with hydrogen peroxide. These remedies may improve the situation initially, but frequent use of baking soda and peroxide seems to sensitize gum tissue for many people and result in gum recession. Salt water may be a safe option, but this has never been a popular mouth rinse because of its taste. I recommend that people use a sequence of mouth rinses that work a particular magic because of their effect on the biology and chemistry of the teeth when they are used together in a specific order. (My complete dental care system is described in part VI.)
When harmful plaque bacteria have been cleaned away from your teeth and gums, it will take only a few days for gingivitis to heal itself and the damage to be reversed. Look constantly for bleeding or puffy gums in your mouth, and if you notice them, check that you have cleaned your toothbrush, begin extra brushing, and make sure you eat adequate amounts of xylitol to immediately help reverse the damage.

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